2: MY FAMILY TREE   8: MY FAMILY SURVIVORS in POLAND 12: ANCESTORS - Part 1 : Origin and Records    
4: MY FAMILY ANCESTRY in POLAND 13: Rymaszewskis in present-day POLAND
5: PINSK UNDER COMMUNIST TYRANNY 10: Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 1     14: Rymaszewskis  WORLD-WIDE (Part 1)
    MIETEK'S MEMOIRS OF GULAG       Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 2       Rymaszewskis in the USA (Part 2)
6: MY ESCAPE FROM STALIN       Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 3 15: EMAILS from Visitors

IN 1939


September 1939
The outbreak of World War 2

Location of Piñsk where we lived, can be seen on the map in the middle of right hand side of Poland



Red Army crosses the Polish border on the 17th September 1939, after destroying the border marker. Soon afterwards all boundary markers were removed.

Two weeks after Germany attacked Poland, over a million of Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east on 17th September 1939.

The Red Army entered Piñsk on Wednesday 20 September 1939, three days after crossing Polish border. Presumably "the Pripet Marshes" were not easy to cross.

Red Army on the Polish territory marching on a muddy road in Polesie, wearing their rolled blankets to sleep on.




Red Army marches into Polish border village on 17 September 1939

Red Army marching towards Pinsk. The unit leader and his deputy hold locality maps in their hands.

Two pleased Red Army soldiers

Propaganda leaflets in poor Polish language dropped by Soviet planes with appeal to Polish soldiers resisting the German agression to stop fighting the Germans, get rid of Polish officers and generals, and surrender to the Red Army advancing on the Polish territory to bring us freedom and happy, secure life!



More Red Army troops advancing over Polish territory - September 1939

Soviet planes over Eastern Poland dropping above leaflets , in some places dropping bombs - 17 September 1939

Destruction of former Polish border markers and fortifications by Red Army soldiers - September 1939

Destruction of former Polish border markers and fortifications by Red Army soldiers - September 1939




Red Army troops and a German observer marking and setting up a new border between Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany on the former Polish territory

A column of arrested Polish police officers, civilian public servants and other "enemies of the people", being escorted by the Red Army in "liberated" Eastern Poland in September 1939. From the the Soviet Cinema Newsreel.

From the moment of entry into the eastern part of Poland the Red Army began mass arrests and deportations. Some prominent people were executed outright.

After entering Piñsk on 20th September 1939, they destroyed the Jesuits Catholic Church with close range heavy artillery fire, using an excuse that there were some snipers shooting from church spires. Few days later they set fire to the Russian Orthodox cathedral. They decided to keep the Jewish synagogue, explaining that its structure would be suitable for public baths (banya).

As soon as Russian troops occupied Pinsk, the NKVD (KGB) started arresting people. First, some important officials and notables were arrested and executed in prison yard during the first few days. Then all military personnel were imprisoned and removed to camps in the USSR. At that time there were many soldiers in Pinsk who retreated eastwards from the war front. Also all sailors of the River Flotilla stationed in Pinsk were arrested. All Police officers were targeted and arrested. In fact anybody who wore some kind of a uniform was arrested, even some boy scouts got caught. All these prisoners were regarded as "prisoners of war" - POWs (including army chaplains) and were taken to various POW camps in Russia. In Pinsk we had a Jesuit Seminary and a lot of clerics, so lots of priests were also arrested.

During the 21 months of occupation of Eastern Poland (until June 1941 when Hitler attacked the Soviet Union) the Russians systematically continued to arrest civilians, usually in the middle of the night. They were government public servants as well as local administration, high school lecturers as well as primary school teachers, lawyers, merchants, manufacturers, landowners as well as "kulaks" (well-off peasants), social and political activists, etc. These were locked up in prisons for interrogations of false accusations, fake trials, and sentencing. Due to lack of prison space in Pinsk, also former Polish military barracks in the town were turned into prison.

Due to overflow even in the army barracks, a lot of prisoners had to be transferred to a large Soviet prison in Minsk. The interrogations lasted for many months, due to the fact that victims could not agree and resisted false and stupid accusations until they were broken physically and mentally. They were accused of being saboteurs, spies, exploiters of the working class, counterrevolutionaries (i.e. members of non socialist organizations, even dating back to 1919-20 Polish-Bolshevik war !), and also those that were recently crossing (either way) the new Soviet-German border, etc. Sentences were severe and the victims were sent to various gulags. Half of them have not survived the first two years. At the same time, the families of all arrested men (i.e. women, children and old people), were removed in four mass deportations to hard labour in various remote parts of the Soviet Union in Northern Russia and Siberia. Total number of victims, about 2 million people.


The Soviets imposed the Soviet citizenship on the whole population in occupied Eastern Poland and issued compulsory "internal" passports to all, thus breaking the international law which gives rights to a person to define his own nationality.


In February 1940, Soviet passport was issued to me in Piñsk and my mother, conferring Soviet citizenship on us. My passport was numbered 1 - PI - No. 520 587. Letters PI were in Russian alphabet, meaning "Piñsk".

In Siberia my passport was taken away and a new one issued numbered AK - No. 720 937, with annotation "spetz-peresielenetz", meaning "special deportee-convict". Letters AK meaning Akmoliñsk, capital of the province, now called Tselinograd.

My spare photo, age 16, taken in Pinsk for the soviet passport, soon before my deportation.

It is the same small size as original with white corner intended for impression of the segment of a round stamp.

Soviet postage stamp, value 10 kopeck, commemorating occupation of eastern Poland by the Red Army.

Description on the stamp says "Osvobozhdenye" with a date 17.IX.1939, meaning "the liberation" on 17th September 1939.

Soviet 3-rouble banknote, issued in 1938
(still in my possession)


After Soviet occupation of Pinsk, the Polish College (Gimnazjum) at
Kosciuszko street, which I attended was discontinued in January 1940. The street was renamed to Lenin Street.

1939 - POLISH STATE COLLEGE FOR BOYS and separate nearby FOR GIRLS IN PINSK (GIMNAZJUM MESKIE i ZENSKIE PANSTWOWE). The College was changed to BELORUSSIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL No.1 (and boys and girls were put together).

The students had a choice by open-voting (raising of hands) of making our College a Russian School or a Belarus School - NOT a Polish School. Majority of students were Poles, all patriotic, and they voted for a Belorussian College mainly to demonstrate opposition to Russian rule. Only the Jewish students, being more practical and some sympathising with Russian communism, voted for a Russian School but they were in the minority and lost.

The Polish Eagle has been chiseled out but inscription is still clearly visible "Gimnazjum Meskie ( = for Boys) Panstwowe"

The 12 years of Polish secondary education was downgraded to the Soviet 10 years system (desyatiletka).
Consequently my 10th grade was made an 8th grade of the Soviet educational system. From November 1939 the following subjects of my class syllabus were deleted: Polish language, Latin language, French language and Religious knowledge. Replaced by Russian and Belorussian languages, and History and Constitution of the USSR.

However, my education was soon interrupted for many years. Before the end of school year, I was deported to Siberia on 13 April 1940. From Siberia I wrote to my college in Pinsk asking for a Certificate. I got this typewritten piece of paper below, showing my marks for the third quarter, which I translated alongside.

Belorussian Secondary School No.1
     in town PINSK
     29 July 1940

                          THE TABLE
of marks for the
I I I quarter of 1939/1940 school year of student of the 8th grade of the Secondary School No.1 in town Pinsk


Subjects and marks for the 3rd quarter :

  1. Belorussian language           Good
  2. Russian language                 Good
  3. Algebra                                 Good
  4. Geometry                              Good
  5. Natural Science                    Very Good
  6. History of the USSR               Very Good
  7. Constitution                           ---------------
  8. Geography                            Very Good
  9. Physics                                  Very Good
10. Chemistry                              ---------------
11. Drawing                                Very Good
12. Physical Training                  Good
13. Behaviour (Discipline)          Very Good

             School DIRECTOR:       (signature)    /POLUNIN/
             Class Manager
     (Round Stamp):
             Department of
             National Education
             town PINSK



Deportations by Soviets
 Wilno, Nowogródek, Piñsk, marked on the map in the north-east, were Rymaszewski neighbourhood area.

The above map shows organized deportations of civilian population to forced labour camps and gulags, taken from homes at night simultaneously in all districts of occupied eastern Poland. During 21 months of first Soviet occupation, from 17 September 1939 to 22 June 1941, there were four major mass deportations :

  • on 10th of February 1940
  • on 13th of April 1940 (when I was deported)
  • on 29th of June 1940
  • in June 1941 (just before Hitler decided to attack Russia)

The ignored and forgotten holocaust perpetrated by the Soviet Union

The initial figure of civilian deportees only in these major mass removals was 1 million 80 thousands (8 percent of the population of this area). To this figure need to be added smaller removals and thousands of Polish army units retreating east from the German war front who were captured and imprisoned by the Soviets (see "Katyñ massacre" below), as well as group arrests of border guards, policemen, public servants, priests, boy scouts, etc, and individually arrested civilians who were put in prisons awaiting fake "trials" like my father. The total was almost two million people. This figure was only for the period of 1939- 1941 in Eastern Poland. Similar extermination was also happening in other Eastern European states occupied by the Soviet Union.

My father, who was General Manager of the Telephone and Telegraph Office in Piñsk, was already marked by Soviet communist ideology for separate arrest and extermination. All public servants were regarded as "class enemies" because they "served the government of a capitalist country".

These were the type of cattle wagons in which the Poles were deported to forced-labour camps throughout the USSR

Watch 10 min. trailer of a Latvian film made in 2008
Trailer has English narration
and Polish subtitles superimposed on original Latvian subtitles

(part 1)


Family 66.12


During the night of 22-23 February 1940
my father, aged 45, was arrested in Pinsk by four Soviet secret police officers of the NKVD (later known as KGB) in the middle of the night (this was standard communist method). The house was thoroughly searched and many personal documents and photographs were taken away.

For the following few days, in answer to my iquiries in person, the prison authorities were telling me that they never heard of my father and had no record of his arrest. But later, reacting to my persistent representations, NKVD admitted that my father was arrested but he was transferred to a prison in Miñsk, a larger regional town, where he is "awaiting trial". However, they refused to accept a food parcel and a change of underwear for my father.  I never had any more news about my father since that time. I was a 16 year old schoolboy then.

Seven weeks later I myself was arrested and deported to Siberia.

My father perished in the Soviet Union, like thousands of other unknown Poles: nobody knows where, nobody knows when, nobody knows how.

Our historical family documents dating 17th-18th century, indicating our former noble status, were removed by the KGB during the search of our house as incriminating material and were taken with my father to Miñsk prison. Also all photographs from our albums showing people in any kind of uniform were taken, not necessarily military, e.g. a postman, a railway employee, etc. — according to communist mentality, uniform made people suspect as ideological enemies. All these documents, if not destroyed during the war, could still be in Belarus in KGB's Minsk archives.

As to my father's fate, it is a well known fact that after Germany attacked Russia in June 1941, the NKVD, retreating from Eastern Poland, were evacuating overcrowded prisons in great hurry and usually killed all imprisoned Poles right there in prisons instead of leaving them to the Germans.

Bodies of Polish prisoners murdered by departing Russians

 Path of death : Minsk - Cherven

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, a Polish woman Joanna Januszczak, survivor of the Soviet massacre in Cherven, published a book in Poland around 1995 titled "Path of Death: Minsk - Cherven. June 24-27, 1941".

Joanna Januszczak writes in her book that immediately after the Nazis launched an offensive against the USSR, some 5,000 people from prisons in Minsk (where my father was held), also from Vileika and Kowno, were crowded together by the Soviets and began being driven to the east.

In a town called Cherven (Czerweñ), in Minsk region, the women and most of those who had served terms for real criminal offences, were separated from the crowd and were moved further east.

The others, like my father, classified by communist ideology as class enemies, the enemies of people, or generally as "political" prisoners, were executed by NKVD firing squads 2 to 3 kilometers from the town Cherven. Those who remained alive after the firing were killed by shovels, testifies Ms. Januszczak. Only a few people survived.

Location of town Cherven, east of MINSK where almost certain my father was murdered by the Soviets

  Zygmunt Tadeusz RYMASZEWSKI

Edward, aged 21, after spending in 1939 , our last Christmas Eve ("Wigilia") when the whole family was still together in Pinsk, said farewell on 1 January 1940 and left home to try to escape, like hundreds of other Poles, to the western part of Poland occupied by the Germans, where living conditions were much easier and chances of survival much better than under Soviet occupation.

However, he was caught by the Russians, crossing the border in the heavy snow near Bialystok, and for this crime was sentenced to 10 years hard labour. It must be said that Germany and Russia were at that time great friends and allies. Nevertheless Edward was sent to one of the Vorkuta gulags in the North, near the Arctic Circle (see image >>).

In the gulag he met our cousin Mietek Rymaszewski (Mieczyslaw 67.112) who similarly tried to escape communism. Mietek described their experiences of this episode in his memoirs. For link to his story Memoirs of Mietek, see further on below.


, aged 19, my other brother, was arrested by the KGB (NKVD) on 15 March 1940 at home in Pinsk. What was his crime? He was the son of "the class enemy" - my father. From the prison in Pinsk he was moved to prison in Orsha, Brest district. They sentenced poor young Zyggi to 5 years forced hard labour in one of the Arctic Circle gulag camps called Vorkutlag in Komi Region. Like my father he did not survive.

66.12 w
  Franciszek Romuald RYMASZEWSKI
  Zbigniew Stanislaw RYMASZEWSKI

  Aleksandra RYMASZEWSKA

After exterminating the men regarded as the "class-enemies", it was the Communist policy, to also eliminate their families, helpless wives and young children.

This was done by their deportation to remote areas of the USSR, subjecting them to the exposure to severe climates, primitive living conditions, hard physical work, continuous hunger and starvation, and disease.


My 16 days journey to Siberia by packed cattle-truck train


On 13 April 1940 at the age of 16, I was arrested by the NKVD (KGB) in the night, near the very early morning, together with my younger brother Zbyszek, age 13, and my mother, age 45. Then we were escorted to the railway sidings at the freight area of the station and locked up in one of the trucks, ready for deportation. We were destined to forced hard labour on starvation diet in Northern Kazakhstan, Western Siberia. Approximate location is marked with X.

The travel took nearly three weeks. We were all crammed into the unheated cattle trucks, 40 people per truck. Mostly women, wives of imprisoned men, and their children and a few elder relatives, together with some permitted personal possessions. We were packed like sardines and locked up for the duration of journey. Some people sat on raised platforms of rough boards each end of truck, unlucky ones were squatting on the floor underneath platforms. Near the middle of the truck there was a hole in the floor which served as a toilet without any privacy except for a bit of a ragged curtain.

The train was around 40 trucks long with two big steam engines, one pulling in front and the other one pushing at the back of the train. The slow dragging journey lasted 2 weeks and 3 days.

From Pinsk we passed Luniniec to Mikaszewicze, the former border town between Poland and USSR. We had to change there to another similar train because Soviet rail tracks were wider than European.

Then we went through Gomel, where my mother started to cry, calling out Anna, her mother, who was trapped in Soviet Russia since the Bolshevik Revolution and was buried there in Gomel. We continued to Konotop, Kursk, Voronezh, Tambov, Penza, Michurinsk and Kazan.

Loading of victims into cattle trucks, marked with hammer and sickle emblems : the fear symbols
Soviet deportation train. Notice two young faces in the little opening with bars. Hidden camera captures the sealing of wagons and NKVD officers inspecting the train before departure.


At a stop in Kazan a local starving population, mostly of Tatar nationality, with outstreched hands were begging bread from us, the convict - deportees. Some of us were throwing their bread to the" free people of the Soviet paradise".

Usually our stops were not on railway stations but on the sidings nearby, and mostly at night. On the way we've passed similar transports of deportees from other Polish towns, heading east. Our engines were changed before climbing the Ural mountains.

Then we went past the Ural mountains to Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, Petropavlovsk and finally Kokchetav, where we were unloaded some distance from the town and sat on the ground alongside the rail track.

Sweating in the overcrowded by humans cattle truck, then chilled by draughts while passing through the cold, snow covered Ural mountains, I developed pneumonia with needle pains and fever. There was no medical attention of any kind.

Passing European Russia

Smokey- steaming train passing Ural Mountains and Sverdlovsk to Asian part

Soviet locomotive powerful for long distances over tracks covered with snow


From Kokchetav the Polish women and their children were taken in lorries and scattered throughout 300 km area to various remote villages and "kolhoz'es" (collective farms). My mother, my younger brother and myself, with pain in the chest and a fever, were taken by open lorry 100 km away from the railway line to a district village Aryk - Balyk.

In Aryk-Balyk we sat on the ground waiting few hours for horse drawn carts ordered by the KGB from "local" kolhoz'es. Our cart drove us another 50 km away to a little village called Korsakovka, surrounded by endless steppe (picture below), arriving on 29 April 1940.

In Korsakovka 8 Polish women with 6 children were dropped off.   I had no treatment for my pneumonia. After five weeks (and some help from the locals - rubbing my chest with killed dog's fat - there was no other fat available) my young body recovered, but I was frequently coughing for the whole year. We had to work hard and sleep in the fields, 6 to 12 km away from the village, surrounded by vast empty steppes. The first year there were bad crops and militiamen were forcibly taking away from the Russian peasants whatever little stored grain they owned, in order to fulfill the compulsory State quota of "tax in kind" imposed on the kolhoz. The collective in those parts of Siberia could produce only wheat and hay. Members of the collective worked the whole year without pay. In the autumn the crops were delivered to government silos as tax and what was left, was divided among the kolhozniks in proportion to the amount of their "workdays". Then few crates of Russsian vodka was delivered to the kolhoz at nominal price, so that the slaves could get drunk, forget about last year and start again. That was the true Soviet socialist "workers' paradise" - not the lies portrayed by the Soviet financed socialist propaganda in the West.


All the time, myself, young Zbyszek and my mother, we were working from dawn to dusk alongside kolhozniks in the fields far away from the village, where we slept on the ground on some hay. The "pay" was 150 grams of bread and wheat dumplings soup twice a day (first for breakfast and then after long day's work). The soup was eaten from round old-fashioned wash-basin type metal bowls allocated to 8 people per bowl. Each person was inserting in turn his dirty, private timber spoon into the basin and his saliva. The spoon was usually carried in owner's boot top to avoid it being stolen.

Because of our convict-deportee status we had no right to join the kolhoz. This meant that we were treated similarly to very rare independent farm workers in USSR, called "yedinolichniks". Of course we had to work, but according to rule (at least theoretically), we had "to pay high bazaar prices for food", i.e. for the piece of bread and flour dumplings soup while at work. After one year of hard labour I found out that I did not earn anything. Neither did my mother or brother. When in the autumn after the harvest  I asked for some wheat grain for my work, I was told, with laughter, that I was actually owing the kolhoz because "ty vsio prokushal " (you have eaten all what you've earned).

For most farm labour we used oxen ( See picture: >>>)

If you were sick or not well and stayed "at home" in the village, you starved, because the communist doctrine stated "Kto ne rabotayet tot ne yest" (He, who does not work, does not eat). There was nowhere to buy the food. We exchanged for food whatever little clothing or possesions we had, but there was very little to exchange and not many Russians were willing to part with food.

Next year, on the 3 March 1941, we moved to a bigger nearby village (and kolhoz) Matveyevka, 10 kilometers away. Our movement was limited to 40 kilometers, under penalty of imprisonment. Considering very long distances between places in empty, sparsely populated Northern Kazakhstan steppes, with non-existing "public" transport (and there was no such thing as "private" transport, or anything "private" under communism), the limit wasn't very far.


In Matveyevka there were 13 Polish deported women and 14 children also living in squalor and deprivation. During the first 21 months before I left them to go to the Army, three Polish women and five Polish children died from starvation and hard work in Matveyevka alone . Similar story happened to all deported Polish women, and especially children, in every kolhoz in Kazakhstan.

Things got worse with time and after the outbreak of the 1941 German - Soviet war. My gums were bleeding and teeth were becoming loose from scurvy. My legs and neck were covered with large scabs (ulcers) resulting from semi-starvation. My worn out shoes were falling off, and my clothes were ragged and torn, and full of lice. My younger brother Zbyszek and mother suffered hunger, frost, hard work and all hardships, as all of us.

Abandoned these days and forgotten Polish graves in Siberia, many with missing crosses.


Roots 66

  Bronislawa RYMASZEWSKA
  • Bronislawa (Bronka), who married Pawel SLOKA and had two girls and two boys, was also deported to USSR with her whole family. I have no details when. Her daughters were called Irka (Irena) and Lodzia (Ludmila?), and sons Rysiek (Ryszard) and Maniek (Marian?).
  • Jadwiga (Jadzia) the youngest of my father's three sisters who married Feliks Sarnacki, was deported like all Rymaszewski families into the USSR with her two children, a girl Bogusia (Boguslawa) and a boy Gienek (Eugeniusz). Her husband Feliks was arrested by the Soviets beforehand and was missing without trace.


Family 67.11
Roots 67


Czeslaw was called up with army reserve during mobilisation before the beginning of war in 1939 and was posted to Lachwa on the Russian border, where he commanded a detachment of KOP - the Polish frontier guards.

Two weeks later, when Soviets moved into eastern Poland, he was taken prisoner and sent to slave work in an iron ore mine in Russia's Donbas region. In June 1941 few days after Germany attacked Russia and bombed the industrial Donbas region, he escaped from the POW camp. The area was soon overrun by Germans. Under German occupation he returned home to Malkowicze in Poland. He found his house empty and learned about the fate of his whole family, as well as ours.

He worked, living alone in his house, but when the Russians came back to Poland in 1945, they tracked him down and imprisoned him again. He died in Soviet prison in 1946.

67.11 w
  Emilia RYMASZEWSKA   (wife)
(1876 ? - 1944)

Emilia, my father's sister, was deported in June 1940 by the NKVD, with her 14 years old, youngest son Romek and her 65 years old husband's father Boleslaw, to a township called Kamen na Obi (Kamen on the river Ob), Altayskiy Kraj in the middle of Asian Siberia.

She was put to work in a factory. The 65 years old grandfather worked outside township on the river Ob, floating timber logs. When he no longer could work, he was left there by the Russians to die.

  Mieczyslaw Arnold RYMASZEWSKI

20 years old Witold was arrested in Malkowicze by the NKVD and sent to hard labour in one of the gulags inside the USSR. He survived the gulag and the war, and now lives in Poland. See "more".

18 years old Mieczyslaw, to avoid being arrested by the NKVD, decided in November 1939 to escape to the part of Poland occupied by the Germans where life was much safer and survival much easier. However, he was caught on the border near Lomza by the Russians (who were friends with the Nazis at that time) and arrested. To protect his mother, who was still living at home in Malkowicze, while his father was already imprisoned by the NKVD, he gave Russians a false name.

He also lied, maintaining that he lives under German occupation in Warsaw, and that he was not escaping but was crossing into the Soviet controlled area. Although he was believed, he was nevertheless sentenced to 3 years hard labour for this, and was sent to Vorkuta gulag in the North to work cutting trees in the taiga forests. My brother Edward Rymaszewski (66.121), who was arrested on the border also for trying to leave the Soviet occupation, was sentenced to 10 years hard labour. He shared imprisonment and slavery with Mietek in the same gulag.

Mieczyslaw has written a short personal account of his imprisonment by the Soviets, his hardships in Vorkuta gulags and survival.

It is a separate, self-contained section of this website. To have a look at the contents and return here click on the image.

April 1940

Polish deaths at Soviet hands.



Just as shocking and horrible as a Nazi gas chamber - a BESTIAL SHOT IN THE NECK WITH HANDS TIED AT THE BACK - that was the fate of six Rymaszewski, among 25,700 other Polish officers, individually massacred in Katyn and other forests, victims of the holocaust perpetrated by Communism:

  • Antoni Rymaszewski from Wilno,
    born 14.11.1902 (Karta id.3286)
  • Zenon Rymaszewski from Wilno,
    born 16.7.1910 (Karta id.3287)
  • Wladyslaw Rymaszewski from Nieswiez,
    born 15.11.1891 (Karta id.7210)
  • Kasper Rymaszewski from Pasieki,
    born 19.1.1892 (Karta id.7209)
  • Antoni Rymaszewski from Stolpce,
    born 15.1.1913 (Karta id.7208)
  • Franciszek Rymaszewski from Gasówka Skwarki,
    born 11.10.1888 (Karta id.12925)
    Notes in year 2000 about Katyn

  • Katyn Forest is a wooded area a short distance from Smolensk in Russia where in 1940 on Stalin's orders, the Soviet Secret Police (NKVD) shot secretly and buried over 4000 Polish service personnel that had been taken prisoner when the Soviet Union invaded Poland in support of the Nazis in September 1939 in Second World War.
  • Later on, the Germans after attacking the Soviet Union in 1941, discovered the Polish dead in 1943 and requested the International Red Cross to confirm the slaughter. The Red Cross Commission investigated and blamed the Soviets.
  • Having retaken the Katyn area from the Germans in 1944, the Soviets faked an investigation, exhumed the Polish dead and blaming the Nazis lied to the world by erecting a monument "to the Polish victims of fascism". This is in accordance with the communist way of operating which always followed three steps : deceit, crime and lie.
  • The rest of the world took its usual sides in such arguments. The socialist parties, communist sympathizers and anti-American elements believed the Soviet lies.
  • But the Western powers knew the truth and ignored this and other Soviet crimes in order to protect the reputation of the Soviet Union, a useful ally in the war.
  • With the collapse of Soviet Power in 1990, Gorbachev finally admitted that the Soviet KGB (NKVD) had executed the Poles, and confirmed two other burial sites similar to the site at Katyn.
  • Actual Stalin's order dated March 1940 to execute by shooting some 25,700 Polish officers , buried at the three sites , was also disclosed after the collapse of Soviet Power.
  • This particular second world war genocide of Poles is often referred to as the "Katyn Forest Massacre".

    Year 2000

    Road sign by the site of the Katyn forest graves says in Russian : MEMORIAL TO THE POLISH OFFICERS WHO PERISHED IN KATYN

    Sculpture - memorial in Katyn:
    Polish knight with hussar's wing and a sword, kneels in prayer to pay tribute to murdered officers.
Apart from the Katyn genocide in April 1940, thousands of Polish civilians were also killed in various Soviet prisons in Eastern Poland during the first occupation between 1939 and 1941. My father Michal Rymaszewski (66.13) born in 1894 and my uncle Czeslaw Rymaszewski (67.11) born in 1897 were murdered by the NKVD while in prison. After the war there was never a Nuremberg-style trial, or ANY trial, for the crimes and atrocities committed against humanity by the Soviet Communist Leaders.

A few facts about COMMUNISM


  • Conservative estimates are that he caused the deaths of at least fifty million people and countless others were imprisoned during his reign of terror.
  • He didn't create the state apparatus for his terror. It was all in place when he took over, and it continued after his death. It was just a natural part of the Communist system.


  • The hammer and sickle, the symbol of the collapsed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is the Communist banner under which in a period of 1917 - 1991, 100 million people were murdered and imprisoned in the USSR alone.
  • The state had no respect for any of the freedoms we take for granted in Australia today. Freedom of thought, freedom of press, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of religion, freedom of choice, protection of environment and ecology, just to mention a few. All these were banned or disregarded in the Communist Evil Empire.

  • Imagine the universal uproar and outrage that would occur if a political organization decided to use the swastika today for its symbol, but far more people died under the Communist banner than under swastika, yet it is still used by some "socialist" parties world wide. (Point at the communist symbol - is there any difference?)
  • Don't these people know what the symbol stands for, don't they care, or are they just hoping to pick up where Stalin left off?
  • I challenge anybody to give me an instance of any political organization that has caused more death and suffering than Communism.

  • The "reforms" in Russia and the former republics of the Soviet Union didn't go very far.
  • The old guard and "nomenclature" is still in charge. Communist mentality and attitudes are still alive.
  • The communist or neo-communist parties still sit in their parliaments and march with hammer and sickle red banners on May Day or during other demonstrations.

  • There was no Nuremberg trial for communist holocaust and atrocities.
  • Not until the Communist Leaders are made to stand trial for their crimes against the Polish, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Belarusian, Finnish, Rumanian, Hungarian (1956), Czechoslovak (1968 ) people, and last but not least, their own Soviet citizens, will the people of Russia be truly free, and other victims and survivors will be reconciled and compensated.

  • Many left-wing socialist organizations outside Russia, including some in Australia, using such camouflage names as "Socialist Alliance" , "Democratic Socialists" or "Green Left", subscribe still in this 21st century to the "ideals" of last century's Soviet communism.
  • All these groups unashamedly parrot the same dogma that led the soviet leaders to commit their atrocities.
  • The "equality" to a communist means the equality of slavery. Under communism everyone will be an equal slave !
  • Unfortunately, there are naive people around the world today that still think the equality of slavery is something better than the inequities of FREEDOM .

2: MY FAMILY TREE   8: MY FAMILY SURVIVORS in POLAND 12: ANCESTORS - Part 1 : Origin and Records    
4: MY FAMILY ANCESTRY in POLAND 13: Rymaszewskis in present-day POLAND
5: PINSK UNDER COMMUNIST TYRANNY 10: Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 1     14: Rymaszewskis  WORLD-WIDE (Part 1)
    MIETEK'S MEMOIRS OF GULAG       Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 2       Rymaszewskis in the USA (Part 2)
6: MY ESCAPE FROM STALIN       Descendants in AUSTRALIA - Part 3 15: EMAILS from Visitors